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Problemi s kožom i prehrana
21 apr 2019
(3 votes)

Problemi s kožom i prehrana

Svrbež, češanje i ugrizi prvi su znakovi koje uočavate, a često su tek simptomi onoga što se događa ispod krzna vašeg ljubimca.

 

  • Jedan od mogućih razloga je alergijska bolest kože koja se zove alergijski dermatitis.
  • Kao i kod ljudi, uzrok mogu biti svakodnevni alergeni u okruženju (pelud, prašina, grinje...), a to stanje se naziva atopijski dermatitis.
  • Još jedan važan uzrok alergijskog dermatitisa je preosjetljivost na hranu odnosno ''alergija na hranu''.
  • To se stanje često dijanosticira kod mačaka i pasa, a posebno kod štenadi do 1 godine starosti kada su i alergijske rekacije jače.
  • Imunološki sustav kućnog ljubimca potiče alergijsku reakciju na proteine iz hrane, koji su inače bezopasni.
  • Najčešći znakovi na koži su: ranice, pojava osipa, gubitak dlake, upale uha, crvena i upaljena koža, svrbež uz perutanje
  • Dodatni znakovi: proljev, povraćanje
  • Alergijski problemi s kožom najčešće započinju s ušima koje su jedan od najosjetljivijih i najmanje zaštićenih dijelova kože.
  • Najčešći alergeni iz hrane za pse su: govedina (60%), soja (32%), piletina (28%), mlijeko (28%), kukuruz (25%), pšenica (24%) te jaje (20%).
  • Osim osnovnog uzroka, na mogućnost pojave alergije na hranu mogu utjecati i upale, infekcije, operacije i neke vrste lijekova.
  • Jednom razvijena, alergija može trajati doživotno, a riješenje je u uklanjanju te supstance iz prehrane.

 

 

  Jedini pouzdani način otkrivanja alergije na hranu je eliminacijska dijeta koji je potreban određeni vremenski period i obuhvaća  konzultacije s veterinarom.

 

  • Prije bilo kakve veće promjene u ishrani, savjetujte se  s vašim veterinarom
  • Tijekom 6 do 8 tjedana, uobičajena prehrana vašeg ljubimca zamjenjuje se posebno formuliranom klinički provjerenom veterinarskom prehranom
  • Ta prehrana namijenjena je za svođenje izloženosti na najmanju moguću mjeru proteinima koji izazivaju alergije vašem ljubimcu
  • Izloženost čak i najmanjim tragovima proteina koji su potencijalni uzrok ranijih alergijskih reakcija može uzorkovati zabunu u rezultatima
  • Izuzetno je bitno da vaš ljubimac izbjegava svu drugu hranu, ostatke obroka, začine, poslastice ili dopune prehrani tijekom trajanja testa

 

Nakon utvrđivanja uzroka svrbeža, otpadanja dlake i ostalih simptoma vaš veterinar preporuča odgovarajuću prehranu za daljnje hranjenje. Odgovarajućom brigom i prehranom vaš ljubimac će ubrzo biti onaj stari te će njegovo zdravstveno stanje biti pod kontrolom.

Za sva pitanja i brigu oko zdravlja vašeg kućnog ljubimca obratite se svom veterinaru.

Read 5963 times Last modified on nedelja, 21 april 2019 16:35

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