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Probavni poremećaji kod pasa i mačaka
11 apr 2019
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Probavni poremećaji kod pasa i mačaka

Bolest probavnog sustava svako je stanje koji sprječava pravilnu probavu ili mijenja brzinu kojom hrana prolazi kroz probavni trakt. Posljedica može biti dehidracija, neuhranjenost i druge zdravstvene poteškoće, stoga je važno prepoznati simptome i obratiti se veterinaru.

Simptomi probavnih poremećaja na koje treba obratiti pažnju uključuju (ali nisu ograničeni):

  • proljev, povraćanje ili zatvor
  • gubitak tjelesne težine unatoč normalnom apetitu
  • nadutost i kruljenje želuca
  • naglo pogoršanje zadaha iz usta

Sve vrste probavnih poremećaja posljedica su mnogo različitih uzroka:

  • virusna ili bakterijska infekcija
  • paraziti, infekcije
  • komzumacija neodgovarajuće hrane i ostataka iz smeća
  • upalna bolest crijeva
  • netolerancija/osjetljivost na hranu
  • manjak probavnih enzima

AKUTNI GASTROENTERITIS

 Upala probavnog sustava, obično kratkoročna. Uzroci mogu obuhvaćati ukiseljenu ili pokvarenu hranu, gutanje stranih predmeta, jedenje otrovnih biljaka, interne parazite, stres, alergije na hranu i neke bolesti.

 

KOLITIS

 Češći kod kućnih ljubimaca mlađih od 5 godina, kolitis uzrokuje upalu debelog crijeva koja rezultira čestim i bolnim stolicama. Ako vaša mačka/pas ima kolitis, stolica može sadržavati sluz i krv. Kolitis je najčešće uzrokovan tumorima ili polipima, promjenama hrane, alergijama (uključujući alergije na hranu), progutanim stranim predmetima i nekim drugim bolestima.

PROLJEV

 Uzrokovana infekcijama, internim parazitima, stresom, promjenama u prehrani, ostacima ljudske hrane ili bogatim grickalicama, pokvarenom hranom iz smeća i disfunkcijama tjelesnih organa.

 

ZATVOR

 Obično uzrokovan dehidracijom, nedovoljnim unosom vlakana, gutanjem dlaka ili drugih stranih predmeta, starenjem, tumorom, udarcima ili frakturama, bolestima kralježnice, bolestima živaca debelog crijeva, metaboličkim ili endokrinim poremećajima, invalidnošću ili nedostatnim vježbanjem.

PANKREATITIS

 Upala ili infekcija gušterače (duguljasti organ smješten iza želuca). Uzrok je često nepoznat. Mogući uzroci su smanjena prokrvljenost (zbog dehidracije ili druge bolesti), infekcije, bolesti ili trauma (udarci).

 

SINDROM IRITABILNIH CRIJEVA

 Često povezan s kroničnim upalama i nelagodama u crijevima, ali obično nije povezan izravno s drugim gastrointestinalnim bolestima. Neki mogući uzroci obuhvaćaju netolerancije na hranu i nemogućnost učinkovitog prolaska hrane kroz probavni trakt. Mentalna uznemirenost također može doprinijeti ovom stanju.

 

EGZOKRINA INSUFICIJENCIJA GUŠTERAČE

 Ovo stanje karakterizirano je gubitkom tjelesne težine, povećanim apetitom i velikom količinom meke stolice. Kronični pankreatitis najčešći je uzrok.

MALAPSORPCIJA IZ TANKOG CRIJEVA

 Upala tankog crijeva otežava apsorpciju nutrijenata i rezultira ustrajnim proljevom, gubitkom težine i apetita mačke/psa.

 

Do točne dijagnoze veterinar dolazi detaljnim pregledom uključujući pretrage krvi i urina.

Neke pasmine su sklonije ovim poremećajima od drugih, a najčešća terapija je uvođenje dijetne prehrane propisane od strane veterinara.

 

Za sva pitanja i brigu oko zdravlja vašeg kućnog ljubimca obratite se svom veterinaru.

Read 1448 times Last modified on petak, 12 april 2019 11:58

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